Chinchillas

Classification

When many people look at a chinchilla, they see it as a giant mouse. But in fact a chinchilla is actually much more of a giant degu then a giant mouse. A chinchilla like a degu, guinea pig or agouti is a cavimorph rodent. Their scientific classification is (or something like this) class: mammal order: rodentia family: cavimorph sub-family: chinchillidae. Chinchillas originate from the mountainous area of chili and Peru. Living in a cooler climate has allowed them to develop a very think coat in order to keep warm.

Status In The Wild

If you have ever touched a chinchillas coat it becomes obvious how luxurious their coat is. Because of this they have been hunted for their fur to near extinction in the wild. In Chili it is now illegal to hunt them, the penalty for hurting a chinchilla is nearly as severe as the penalty for killing a human. Unfortunately in reality only about 50% of them are protected. Other measures are being taken to protect them. The others however are still very vulnerable to the genocide that has taken place against their species. It is critical that we do everything in our power to save them.

Behavior

Chinchilla behavior is one of the things that makes them unique in the animal kingdom. Chinchillas are nocturnal, which means that they sleep during the day and come out at night. If your cage has a place for them to sleep, and there is more than one in the cage then it is not uncommon for one to sleep in it and the other to sleep in front of it as if standing guard. They are very intelligent and can and will adapt their sleeping patterns to you. When you are away they sleep and when you get home they always seem to wake up at that time as they want to play.

They love running around and playing and hopping just about anywhere. It is important to allow them to run around on a daily basis. When you do get them out it is also important to make all wires and other things that care harmful to them out to reach. Make sure any areas that they can get themselves into are closed in. Usually the best place to allow them to run in, is in an empty room if possible. Part of their running is normally to bounce off of walls. They will stand facing the wall run towards it and jump just before it and kick off of it. They are also excellent jumpers and have been known to cover 2 meters in a single bound.

Color Varieties

Chinchillas come in several different colors. The chinchilla pictures page contains an image of almost every kind of chinchilla. Two of these colors are gray and white. They are also available in black velvet and violet. It is not uncommon for the more exotic colors to be smaller than the Gray ones. Do you have a favortite chinchilla colour? If so then record your answer in my survey at survey.html.

Keeping a chinchillas coat clean is important, so it must have regular dust baths in order to keep out dirt and stuff. Chinchilla dust is available in most pet stores, it's best to put it in a large bowl that's big enough for the chin to roll around in. They do enjoy the dust baths and once they learn how to take them they will happily do take them. It's probably a good idea to allow them to bathe daily.

Health

Normally chinchilla are healthy but their are circumstances under which they can have health problems. One of the main keys seem to be to keep them from having these problems. However because chinchilla have some special needs some of these methods of prevention may not be obvious.

One thing that is very important is to make sure that before you get a chinchilla that there are vets in your area that are knowledgeable of them. If this is not possible then it may be necessary to find vets within reasonable distance that know about them. This is very important as if they require medical attention you'll want to make sure they get it. If you have a chinchilla and don't know of any vets that know about their care then then try asking around.

Of course one of the best methods for keeping a chin healthy is to avoid certain things that can harm them. Their diet is critical in sustaining good health, poor diet (as with degus) is a common cause of health afflictions. Try to avoid sugary foods, they cannot digest sugar too well so it's best to give any thing with sugar sparingly if at all. For example many many chinchilla owners will give their chins a raisin or two daily as a treat which has been observed to be fine. What is important to remember is that a raisin is a treat and is not part of the normal diet, so for the sake of the chins health it's best to keep it this way. Raisins have been reported to act as a laxative for them (in the way chocolate does for a lot of people (perhaps this is the result of the lack of ability to properly assimilate it?)). If your chinchilla is constipated then I have been told that giving them a raisin or two or three can help to fix em up.

A common health problem is diarrhea (please forgive my spelling) . This can be the result of too much treats like raisons (especially prunes they are a no-no). The most common indication that they have this problem is there droppings becoming soft and sometimes even green. If this happens then try decreasing the amount of treats that they receive. There is also the possibility that it could be caused by something else in their diet. If decreasing or eliminating treats does not help and it does not appear to be a diet problem then you should seek professional help.

Another common health problem is problems with teeth. Because chins teeth grow continuously like any other rodent they must have a way to file them down to keep them from growing too long. Many people report that pumice stones are of great help. Pumice stones can usually be acquired from body shop types stores. You must make sure that a chins pumice stone has no dyes or chemicals, it should say all natural or something like that on the label. They will enjoy chewing at the stone and it does seem to help their teeth quite a bit. Should their teeth have problems that require medical attention then common symptoms and drooling and watering eyes, if a pumice stone does not get rid of these symptoms then they need to be taken to the vet. This is where it's critical for a vet to be fully knowledgeable of chinchilla care and treatment. Should the teeth need to be operated on then they need very specific anesthetic amounts as they are extremely vulnerable to too much of it.

Finally one easy way to see how a chins health is to check the color of it's teeth, a chinchillas teeth should be deep yellow or orange. This is normal and is not the result of tooth decay. A chinchilla with white teeth is a sick chin and the cause of it's sickness needs to be immediately looked into.

Breeding

Like Guinea pigs and degus, chinchilla babies are born with their eyes open and fully furred. These two in the picture are less then an hour old. A chinchillas gestation is about 110 days, the average litter size is 1.5 babies, so they are not very prolific. In the wild the male will assist with the upbringing of the babies but because it is possible for the female to get pregnant right after having her babies it is best to separate the male until she is not receptive. This usually takes a few days. It will be several months after that before she can get pregnant again. For the sake of the health of the female and babies a female should not be bred after giving birth, the results can be tragic for both. Mothers should never be bred with babies and the same goes for fathers. Inbreeding has been known to cause a number of problems for the babies and should not be attempted.

Each babies genes and characteristics will be 50% from the father and 50% from the mother. Because the genes for the special colors are special mutated genes and are recessive; in order for the baby to be a special color that is the same as the parents both parents must pass a special gene onto the baby. This is only possible if that special gene in them is the dominate one. Which in turn means that to get a baby a special color both parents must have one one them and it must be the dominating gene.

Sounds

Chinchillas make a variety of sounds. The sound they make depends on their mood. Go over to the sounds page to download a file with 3 different ones. The first one babies.wav is the sound babies make when happy. The second madbaby.wav is the sound they make when annoyed. The third one playful.wav is of a playful adult who wants attention.

Chin proofing

When you let your chinchillas out it is important to make sure they cannot get into things they shouldent. They can and will get into anything they have access to. They will also chew wires and wallpaper and even paint.

The room that they run in should have water based paint and not any oil based, preferibly no wallapaper they can get their teeth on and no loose wires. They can easily get a nasty shock from any wire when they chew thorugh them so wires should be kept out of their reach. Any access to a refrigerator should be blocked off, as should any acess to ovens and diswashers etc. They can get into any space that is only 1 inch. Toilets should also be covered as they can get into them and drown.

The best way to chin proof a room is to give them a room to themselves with nothing in it, this way they will not be able to chew anything or get trapped anywhere.